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Data Set Group: OHSU/VA B6D2F2 Brain mRNA M430 (Aug05) modify this page

Data Set: OHSU/VA B6D2F2 Striatum M430v2 (Sep05) RMA modify this page
GN Accession: GN84
GEO Series: No Geo series yet
Title:
Organism: Mouse (mm10)
Group: BDF2-2005
Tissue: Striatum mRNA
Dataset Status: Public
Platforms: Affy Mouse Genome 430 2.0 (GPL1261)
Normalization: PDNN
Contact Information
Robert Hitzemann
Oregon Health & Science University
VAMC Building 101, Room 530A
Portland, OR 97239 USA
Tel. 503 402-2858
hitzeman@ohsu.edu
Website
Download datasets and supplementary data files

Specifics of this Data Set:
None

Summary:

This August 2005 data freeze provides estimate of mRNA expression in adult brains of F2 intercross mice (C57BL/6J x DBA/2J F2) measured using Affymetrix M430A and M430B microarray pairs. Data were generated at The Oregon Health Sciences University (OHSU) in Portland, Oregon, by John Belknap and Robert Hitzemann. Data were processed using the Microarray Suite 5 (MAS 5) protocol of Affymetrix. To simplify comparison between transforms, MAS 5 values of each array were log2 transformed and adjusted to an average of 8 units. In general, MAS 5 data do not perform as well as RMA or PDNN transforms.



About the cases used to generate this set of data:

Fifty-six B6D2F2 samples, each taken from a single brain hemisphere from an individual mouse, were assayed using 56 M430A&B Affymetrix short oligomer microarrays. [The remaining hemisphere will be used later for an anaysis of specific brain regions.] Each array ID (see table below) includes a three letter code; the first letter usually denotes sex of the case (note that we have made a few corrections and there are therefore several sex-discordant IDs), the second letter denotes the hemisphere (R or L), and the third letter is the mouse number within each cell. The F2 mice were experimentally naive, born within a 3-day period from second litters of each dam, and housed at weaning (20- to 24-days-of-age) in like-sex groups of 3 to 4 mice for females and 2 to 3 mice for males in standard mouse shoebox cages within Thoren racks. All 56 F2 mice were killed at 77 to 79 days-of-age by cervical dislocation on December 17, 2003. The brains were immediately split at the midline and then quickly frozen on dry ice. The brains were stored for about two weeks at -80 degrees C until further use.

The F2 was derived as follows: C57BL/6J (B6) and DBA/2J (D2) breeders were obtained from The Jackson Laboratory, and two generations later their progeny were crossed to produce B6D2F1 and D2B6F1 hybrid at the Portland VA Veterinary Medical Unit (AAALAC approved). The reciprocal F1s were mated to create an F2 population with both progenitor X and Y chromosomes about equally represented.



About the tissue used to generate this set of data:

Brain samples were from 31 male and 25 females and between 28 right and 28 left hemispheres distributed with good balance across the two sexes. The tissue arrayed included the forebrain, midbrain, one olfactory bulb, the cerebellum; and the rostral part of the medulla. The medulla was trimmed transversely at the caudal aspect of the cerebellum. The sagittal cut was made from a dorsal to ventral direction. (Note that several of the other brain transcriptome databases do not include olfactory bulb or cerebellum.) Total RNA was isolated with TRIZOL Reagent (Life Technologies Inc.) using a modification of the single-step acid guanidinium isothiocyanate phenol-chloroform extraction method according to the manufacturer’s protocol. The extracted RNA was then purified using RNeasy (Qiagen, Inc.). RNA samples were evaluated by UV spectroscopy for purity; only samples with an A260/280 ratio greater than 1.8 were used. RNA quality was monitored by visualization on an ethidium bromide-stained denaturing formaldehyde agarose gel. Samples containing at least 10 micrograms of total RNA were sent to the OHSU Gene Microarray Shared Resource facility for analysis. The procedures used at the facility precisely follow the manufacturer’s specifications. Details can be found at http://www.ohsu.edu/gmsr/amc. Following labeling, all samples were hybridized to the GeneChip Test3 array for quality control. If target performance did not meet recommended thresholds, the sample would have been discarded. All labeled samples passed the threshold and were hybridized to the 430A and 430B array pairs.



About the array platform:

All 56 430A&B arrays used in this project were purchased at one time and had the same Affymetrix lot number. The table below lists the arrays by Case ID, Array ID, Side, Cage ID and Sex.

Order

CaseID

ArrayID

Side

CageID

Sex

1

20

FL10

L

H1

F

2

2

FL11

L

H2

F

3

5

FL12

L

H3

F

4

63

FL13

L

H4

F

5

6

FL14

L

K2

F

6

10

FL15

L

Q2

F

7

52

FL2

L

E1

F

8

53

FL3

L

E2

F

9

42

FL4

L

E3

F

10

31

FL5

L

E4

F

11

14

FL6

L

F1

M

12

48

FL7

L

F2

F

13

60

FL8

L

F3

M

14

54

FL9

L

F4

F

15

35

FR10

R

K3

F

16

11

FR11

R

O1

F

17

21

FR12

R

O2

F

18

23

FR13

R

Q1

F

19

15

FR14

R

Q3

F

20

4

FR15

R

Q4

F

21

41

FR2

R

A2

F

22

44

FR3

R

A3

F

23

37

FR4

R

C1

F

24

8

FR5

R

C2

F

25

19

FR6

R

C3

F

26

40

FR7

R

C4

F

27

62

FR8

R

D2

M

28

39

FR9

R

D3

F

29

13

ML1

L

B1

M

30

22

ML10

L

L2

M

31

38

ML11

L

L4

M

32

43

ML12

L

M1

M

33

58

ML13

L

N2

M

34

7

ML14

L

R1

M

35

30

ML15

L

R3

M

36

46

ML3

L

G1

M

37

57

ML4

L

G2

M

38

51

ML5

L

I1

M

39

27

ML6

L

I2

M

40

50

ML7

L

J2

M

41

16

FL1

L

O2

M

42

3

ML9

L

L1

M

43

47

MR10

R

R2

M

44

56

MR11

R

S1

M

45

1

MR12

R

S2

M

46

55

MR13

R

T1

M

47

34

MR14

R

U1

M

48

25

MR15

R

U2

M

49

59

MR2

R

J1

M

50

32

MR3

R

M2

M

51

24

MR4

R

M3

M

52

12

MR5

R

M4

M

53

9

MR6

R

N1

M

54

36

MR7

R

N3

M

55

28

MR8

R

P1

M

56

33

MR9

R

P2

M



About data values and data processing:
Probe (cell) level data from the CEL file: These CEL values produced by GCOS are the 75% quantiles from a set of 91 pixel values per cell. Probe values were processed as follows:
  • Step 1: We added an offset of 1.0 unit to each cell signal to ensure that all values could be logged without generating negative values. We then computed the log base 2 of each cell.
  • Step 2: We took the log base 2 of each probe signal.
  • Step 3: We computed the Z scores for each probe signal.
  • Step 4: We multiplied all Z scores by 2.
  • Step 5: We added 8 to the value of all Z scores. The consequence of this simple set of transformations is to produce a set of Z scores that have a mean of 8, a variance of 4, and a standard deviation of 2. The advantage of this modified Z score is that a two-fold difference in expression level corresponds approximately to a 1 unit difference.
  • Step 6a: The 430A and 430B arrays include a set of 100 shared probe sets (2200 probes) that have identical sequences. These probes provide a way to calibrate expression of the A and B arrays to a common scale. The absolute mean expression on the 430B array is almost invariably lower than that on the 430A array. To bring the two arrays into alignment, we regressed Z scores of the common set of probes to obtain a linear regression corrections to rescale the 430B arrays to the 430A array. In our case this involved multiplying all 430B Z scores by the slope of the regression and adding or subtracting a very small offset. The result of this step is that the mean of the 430A GeneChip expression is fixed at a value of 8, whereas that of the 430B chip is typically 7. Thus average of A and B arrays is approximately 7.5.
  • Step 6b: We recenter the whole set of 430A and B transcripts to a mean of 8 and a standard deviation of 2. This involves reapplying Steps 3 through 5 above but now using the entire set of probes and probe sets from a merged 430A and B data set.

Probe set data from the TXT file: These TXT files were generated using the MAS 5. The same simple steps described above were also applied to these values. Every microarray data set therefore has a mean expression of 8 with a standard deviation of 2. A 1-unit difference therefor represents roughly a two-fold difference in expression level. Expression levels below 5 are usually close to background noise levels.

About the marker set:

The 56 mice were each genotyped at 309 MIT microsatellite markers distributed across the genome, including the Y chromosome. The genotyping error check routine (Lincoln and Lander, 1992) implemented within R/qtl (Broman et al., 2003) showed no likely errors at p <.01 probability. Initial genotypes were generated at OHSU. Approximately 200 genotypes were generated at UTHSC by Jing Gu and Shuhua Qi.

About the chromosome and megabase position values:

The chromosomal locations of M430A and M430B probe sets were determined by BLAT analysis of concatenated probe sequences using the Mouse Genome Sequencing Consortium March 2005 (mm6) assembly. This BLAT analysis is performed periodically by Yanhua Qu as each new build of the mouse genome is released. We thank Yan Cui (UTHSC) for allowing us to use his Linux cluster to perform this analysis. It is possible to confirm the BLAT alignment results yourself simply by clicking on the Verify link in the Trait Data and Editing Form (right side of the Location line).

 



Notes:

This text file was originally generated by John Belknap, March 2004. Updated by RWW, October 31, 2004, EJC June 21, 2005.



Experiment Type:


Contributor:

BACKGROUND:Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) have been detected for a wide variety of ethanol-related phenotypes, including acute and chronic ethanol withdrawal, acute locomotor activation, and ethanol preference. This study was undertaken to determine whether the process of moving from QTL to quantitative trait gene (QTG) could be accelerated by the integration of functional genomics (gene expression) into the analysis strategy.

METHODS:Six ethanol-related QTLs, all detected in C57BL/6J and DBA/2J intercrosses were entered into the analysis. Each of the QTLs had been confirmed in independent genetic models at least once; the cumulative probabilities for QTL existence ranged from 10 to 10. Brain gene expression data for the C57BL/6 and DBA/2 strains (n = 6 per strain) and an F2 intercross sample (n = 56) derived from these strains were obtained by using the Affymetrix U74Av2 and 430A arrays; additional data with the U74Av2 array were available for the extended amygdala, dorsomedial striatum, and hippocampus. Low-level analysis was performed by using multiple methods to determine the likelihood that a transcript was truly differentially expressed. For the 430A array data, the F2 sample was used to determine which of the differentially expressed transcripts within the QTL intervals were cis-regulated and, thus, strong candidates for QTGs.

RESULTS:Within the 6 QTL intervals, 39 transcripts (430A array) were identified as being highly likely to be differentially expressed between the C57BL/6 and DBA/2 strains at a false discovery rate of 0.01 or better. Twenty-eight of these transcripts showed significant (logarithm of odds > or =3.6) to highly significant (logarithm of odds >7) cis-regulation. The process correctly detected Mpdz (chromosome 4) as a candidate QTG for acute withdrawal.

CONCLUSIONS:Although improvements are needed in the expression databases, the integration of QTL and gene expression analyses seems to have potential as a high-throughput strategy for moving from QTL to QTG.



Citation:

Hitzemann R, Reed C, Malmanger B, Lawler M, Hitzemann B, Cunningham B, McWeeney S, Belknap J, Harrington C, Buck K, Phillips T, Crabbe J. (2004) On the integration of alcohol-related quantitative trait loci and gene expression analyses..  Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2004 Oct;28(10):1437-48.  PMID:15597075

Irizarry, RA, Bolstad, BM, Collin, F, Cope, LM, Hobbs, B, Speed, TP (2003) Summaries of Affymetrix GeneChip probe level data. Nuc Acids Res 31:1-15.

Lincoln, SE, Lander, ES (1992) Systematic detection of errors in genetic linkage data. Genomics 14:604-610.

Zhang, L, Miles, MF, Aldape, KD (2003) A model of molecular interactions on short oligonucleotide microarrays. Nat Biotech 21:818-821.



Data source acknowledgment:

This project was supported by two Department of Veterans Affairs Merit Review Awards (to JK Belknap and R Hitzemann, respectively), AA10760 (Portland Alcohol Research Center), AA06243, AA13484, AA11034, DA05228 and MH51372.

Please contact either John Belknap or Robert Hitzemann at the Dept. of Behavioral Neuroscience, Oregon Health & Science University (L470), or Research Service (R&D5), Portland VA Medical Ctr., Portland, OR 97239 USA.



Study Id:
18

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